Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery

Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is a minimally invasive alternative to diagnose and treat a wide range of disorders of the chest and lungs that were traditionally managed through sternotomy or open thoracotomy. VATS utilizes a special instrument called a thoracoscope that has a built-in camera. During the surgery, the thoracoscope and special surgical instruments are inserted through small incisions over the chest. The thoracoscope transmits the images of the surgical area to a monitor, which aids the surgeon during the procedure.

Some of the indications for video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) include:

  • Lung, diaphragmatic and pleural biopsies
  • Removing lymph nodes
  • Treatment of various lung disorders like pleural effusion in which fluid accumulates in the lining of the lung
  • Lung resection to treat cancer or other lung diseases
  • Decortication
  • Anti-reflux procedures
  • Diaphragmatic plication

As VATS is performed through small incisions, it minimizes trauma and provides various other benefits as well that include:

  • Less postoperative pain
  • Fewer operative complications
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Smaller scars
  • Fast recovery
  • Quicker return to daily normal activities